New Guinea, or Papua is the world's second largest island,
and is the northern most part of the Australia continent
just south and east of where the tectonic plate meets Asia.
In 1859 a British naturalist Alfred Wallace noted there as a
transitional zone between the Asian and Australian ecozones, an
area now called the Wallace Line. East of the line in New
Guinea and Australia are found the Australian organisms and species,
including tree kangaroos, echidna, cassowaries, and the like while to
the west of the Wallace Line are mostly Asian species.
Man arrived in Papua and the Australian continent some 60,000 years
or more ago. A few hundred years ago when Europeans saw the people of
Papua and Australia, they called our indigenous ancestors Melanesians,
a Pacific people of dark complexion unlike the Polynesian and Asian
Although Melanesian nations on the Australian mainland were decimated
by the arrival of Europeans, the communities in New Guinea survived
that arrival and it was not until Japan invaded in 1942 that Papua
was oppressed by a foreign power. But West Papua was very different
from the eastern half of the island where the Germans, Brithish, and
then Commonwealth of Australia had little interaction with the people.
In the 1860s Dutch missionaries arrived and formed good relations
with the people of West Papua.
By the 1930s West Papua had its own college graduates adapting Dutch
sciences and philosophies to their own need, and before Japan invaded
there was already debate whether the Papuan communities should unite
to form a national identity to declare independence.
But in 1935 the Shell company had allowed Standard Oil to buy a 60%
holding of the exploration company NNGPM which was to search for
mineral wealth, and in 1936 NNGPM concealed from the Dutch their
discovery of the world's richest mountain of gold and other ore,
Finally the Rockellers joined with the
and grandson of the Union Pacific empire
and their joint interest
in August 1959 began to act out a claim that it had just
discovered Ertsberg as a 'possible copper reserve'.
The colony finalised electoral rolls in 1960 and in January 1961
held elections to form a New Guinea Council.
But in October 1961 the Council heard news that America wanted
Indonesia to rule Papua, so they held an emergency session
through the night of 18 October 1961 to begin giving effect
to the peole's wish for indepence which the council expressed
Under international law and the 1945 Charter of the United Nations
the welfare of West Papua seemed safe but after the unexpected death
of UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold, the Netherlands announced
that it wanted the United Nations to assume responsibiity for West
New Guinea (West Papua) as a trust territory.
The effect of UN trusteeship is that instead of only one nation being
responsibile under article 73,
every UN nation becomes equally responsibile for the independence &
welfare of the colony under article 76 of the Charter; but
America imposed itself to negotiate the wording of the agreement in
which the Netherlands was asking for this to happen.
And America was under Indonesian pressure to use the "hand" of the
United Nations to get Indonesia into West Papua, so by time the
three nations agreed on wording of the agreement there no mention in
the agreement that it was an instrument as defined in chapter 12 of
the Charter of the United Nations,
The International Trusteeship System.
As a result of the wording, for fifty years the people of Papua and
the world have been unaware that West Papua has been an United Nations
trust territory entitled to protection from foreign abuse such as the
actions of the Indonesian troops and the mining companies of America
Our governments approved the agreement and so West Papua became a
trust territory on 21 September 1962, but while West Papua has
suffered the disadvantage of trusteeship troops being sent from
Pakistan and then Indonesia by the United Nations.
West Papua has not been given the benefits required by
articles 76, 85, 87, and 88 of the Charter of the United Nations
because none of our UN Secretary Generals have
told the Trusteeship Council about our trusteeship decision
General Assembly resolution 1752.
This was the American plan for trusteeship before Indonesia made its
This was the Indonesia request to "use the hand" of the United Nations,
And this was the blackmail Indonesia held over the United States of America,
In 1962 the United Nations General Assembly including Indonesia in
for the United Nations to
administrate the colony (non-self-governing territory) of West New Guinea
which in 1961 had declared the wish of its people to become the independent
nation of West Papua to
"live in peace and to contribute to the maintenance of world peace".
chapter 11 of the UN charter,
members have a sacred trust for the welfare of colonies, and under
colonies entrusted to the United Nations trusteeship system remain trust
territories until article 78 of the charter is fulfilled. Under
articles 87 and 88 of the UN charter the United Nations may listen to
petitions and must ask questions about the administration of the
The last known United Nations statement about West Papua said
Nations Temporary Authority in West Irian (UNTEA) was formed to administer
West Irian, which is located on the island of New Guinea. In 1963 Dutch New
Guinea became Irian Barat, which in 1973 changed its name to Irian Jaya and
is currently administered by Indonesia."
Please call on the United Nations to respect the rule of law,
Since West Papua became a UN Trust territory in 1962, that status has NOT been
nor has the UN General Assembly yet granted itself authority to exclude
West Papua from the normal requirements of the UN charter.
free the UN colony.