New Guinea, or Papua is the world's second largest island,
just east of Asia on the Australian tectonic plate.
People arrived forty to sixty thousand years ago developing sophisticated
farming, trade, and social systems.
For millennia West Papua had repelled Asian and other incursion but in around
the 1860s permitted Dutch missionaries and trader posts to become established,
and by 1895 the European powers accepted and endorsed a Dutch claim of colonial
sovereignty of West Papua.
By the 1930s there missionary colleges from where graduates in the Dutch
sciences and philosophy began debating whether the Papuan people should unite
and to defend their cultures from foreign powers which were more abusive than
An invasion in 1942 by Japan with benefit of automatic guns and other weapons
was successful, a brutal occupation which was repelled in 1944 with assistance
of Pacific war forces from the United States who with West Papua's help quickly
established over twenty US bases in preparation for a possible protracted war
But with the success of US Atomic bombings of Japan the Pacific War was
concluded and the US forces left West Papua as Dutch officials returned;
but at the newly formed United Nations in 1946 the Netherlands denounced the
earlier concept of colonial sovereignty in derference to the UN concept of
an obligation towards non-self-governing territories.
In December 1950 the UN General Assembly endorsed a Dutch declaration
(General Assembly resolution 448) that West Papua
is an non-self-governing territory for which the Netherlands was
required to transmit data in accord with international law,
UN Charter article 73.
West Papua held national elections in January 1961 to form a
New Guinea Council which acted as a Upper House in the Dutch
adminstration of their territory, and was also tasked with drafting legislation
for Papuan control of their resources.
Between 1936 and 1962 there were several American schemes which finally
provided the Freeport corporation with its first cheap 30 year mining license
in 1967 for West Papua's gold and other wealth.
The circumstance suggest John Rockefeller and Robert Lovett were the
people responsible for US government and United Nations Secretary General
U Thant's corrupt actions which in September 1962 began the denial of human
rights in West Papua which is still killing people to this day.
Over the years these schemes created a complex web, these and US Dept. of State
records will shortly be outlined on this separate web page.
The Dutch confidentially told America that West Papua was considered to be
safe from Indonesia's military unless Indonesia became capable of landing 1500
or more men on the island.
The Dutch then prepared a motion for the 1961 United Nations General Assembly
which could have cause the United Nations to become responsible for protecting
West Papua under chapter 12 of the UN Charter, but the UN Secretary General
Dag Hammarskjold was killed in an airplane incident on 18 Sept, and the
Dutch proposal at the General Assembly failed on 26 Sept 1961.
The New Guinea Council then responded to events by writing
this manifesto for a
free and independent West Papua.
Between December 1961 and January 1962 Indonesia landed and flew 1500 men
to West New Guinea.
The Indonesian troops were without logistical support and they were quickly
arrested by Papuans who gave their prisoners to the Dutch for deportation
back to Indonesia, but the opperation caused fear within the Dutch government.
And the United States then said it would support a Dutch motion at the
United Nations for trusteeship if the written agreement was a joint text by
the Netherlands and Indonesia.
Under American influence the new Dutch agreement included several Indonesian
promises that it would be a good and honest administrator of the colony if the
United Nations decided to use a discretion of asking Indonesia to provide the
administration which the United Nations would be required to provide under
article 76 of the Charter if the General Assembly gave its approval of the
agreement; an approval which the General Assembly can give if it uses
article 85 part 1 of the Charter of the United Nations.
The issue of Trusteeship is defined in the Charter of the United Nations,
Chapter 12: The International Trusteeship System.
The public and newspapers have never been told under which part of the UN
Charter the United Nations occupation of West Papua was being performed.
Even the UN members were not given enough time to get legal advice to explain
what the United Nations was legally doing on and since 21st September 1962.
Our governments approved the agreement and so West Papua became a
trust territory on 21 September 1962, but while West Papua has
suffered the disadvantage of trusteeship troops being sent from
Pakistan and then Indonesia by the United Nations.
West Papua has not been given the benefits required by
articles 76, 85, 87, and 88 of the Charter of the United Nations
because none of our UN Secretary Generals have
told the Trusteeship Council about our trusteeship decision
General Assembly resolution 1752.
This was the American plan for UN trusteeship of West Papua designed
This was the US discovery that Indonesia would support the US scheme on
condition that nobody call the trusteeship a trusteeship,
This was some blackmail Indonesia was using to force the United States of
America into helping Indonesia's colonial quest,
This was an update on the New York Agreement scheme,
This was the Indonesia request to "use the hand" of the United Nations,
In 1962 the United Nations General Assembly including Indonesia in
for the United Nations to
administrate the colony (non-self-governing territory) of West New Guinea
which in 1961 had declared the wish of its people to become the independent
nation of West Papua to
"live in peace and to contribute to the maintenance of world peace".
chapter 11 of the UN charter,
members have a sacred trust for the welfare of colonies, and under
colonies entrusted to the United Nations trusteeship system remain trust
territories until article 78 of the charter is fulfilled. Under
articles 87 and 88 of the UN charter the United Nations may listen to
petitions and must ask questions about the administration of the
The last known United Nations statement about West Papua said
Nations Temporary Authority in West Irian (UNTEA) was formed to administer
West Irian, which is located on the island of New Guinea. In 1963 Dutch New
Guinea became Irian Barat, which in 1973 changed its name to Irian Jaya and
is currently administered by Indonesia."
Please call on the United Nations to respect the rule of law,
Since West Papua became a UN Trust territory in 1962, that status has NOT been
nor has the UN General Assembly yet granted itself authority to exclude
West Papua from the normal requirements of the UN charter.
free the UN colony.
The United Nations decision to invade and suspend human right of
self-determination of West Papua was made on 21st September 1962
This is the United Nations record of the meeting on 21st September 1962 when our
nations decided to occupy West Papua with foreign troops,
Please note: At this exordinary meeting the President demanded that the
General Assembly vote BEFORE any debate on the issue; the issue is introduced
at paragraph 170, then a statement by Indonesia and by the Netherlands, and the
vote is at paragraph 197.
Benin (Dahomey) rises objection on the day at paragraph 241 to 246.
Togo rises objection on the day at paragraph 263-266.
In the following days and weeks other UN members also voiced their objections
and or concerns about the 'New York Agreement':
Senegal at Pleanary meeting 1130,
Cameroon at Pleanary meeting 1140,
paragraph 151, speech started at 113
China (Taiwan) at Pleanary meeting 1142,
Togo again at Pleanary meeting 1144,
Madagascar at Pleanary meeting 1150,
Central African Republic at Pleanary meeting 1151,
paragraph 154-156, speech started at 122
Cono Brazzaville at Pleanary meeting 1152,
paragraph 137-139, speech started at 123, and
Upper Volta at Pleanary meeting 1153,
paragraph 70-73, speech started at 28.
The problem which has been allowing nations to loot, torture, & murder
people in West Papua is that the UN Secretary General instead of the
Trusteeship Council took on the job of repoting the progress of West New Guinea
towards "self-government or independence" as chosen by the
"freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned" (UN Charter article 76).