Act of Free Choice
The Act of Free Choice (AFC) was the title of an Indonesian military
presentation during 1969 to promote an Indonesian claim to West Papua.
This was two years after General Suharto sold the Freeport corporation
a 30 year mining license of the colony.
The Indonesian commander General Sarwo Edhi Wibowo
selected 1025 men who were told to vote for Indonesia against
What the AFC was not
The AFC was not a "referendum".
Referendum: (noun) The right to approve or reject by popular vote a
meassure passed upon by a legislature.
The population was not allowed to vote.
The AFC was not in compliance with the New York Agreement.
Term 18: "The eligibility of all adults, male and female,
not foreign nationals to participate in the act of self-determination
to be carried out in accordance with international practice."
The AFC was not an act of Self-determination.
The United Nations specifies the function of Self-determination in
Principles 6 to 9 of the UN General Assemby
The AFC was not endorsed as being legitimate by the United Nations.
The United Nations in its statement
only said that something being called the
'Act of Free Choice' took place.
The United Nations Resolution 2504
did not endorse an Indonesian claim to the colony of West Papua.
Circumstance around ACF 14/July - 2/August 1969
- 1969 May 15
- The Indonesian military commander for West Irian,
Brigadier-General Sarwo Edhie has warned Irianese tribesmen that his
troops will smash any further uprising in the former Dutch territory.
The Antara news agency quoted General Edhie as saying yesterday:
"If they choose to take up arms, there is no alternative for me but to
. . .
General Edhie said his men were hunting down
several Irianese policemen who backed the rebels in the Enaratoli
- 1969 May 15
- . . .
Some unconfirmed reports said that at least 500 people were killed
in the uprising. About 600 combat troops are now in control
of Enarotali and its surrounding airstrip.
. . .