Freeport has been a bastillion of America's powerful & elite
including the Whitney family, Rockefellers, Augustus Long (Texaco),
and the Cold War architect Robert Lovett.
In 1957 Freeport Sulphur sign a lucrative nickel contract with the US government,
but was caught in 1959 employing an ex-FBI agent to spy on the US
official responsible for re-negotiating the nickle contract.
the Rockefellers whose Standard Oil interests had known about
West Papua's gold and copper since 1936, read in the New York Times that
the Papuan Mines Office was now searching for which mountain gold was
flowing into the Arafura Sea from.
By August 1959 the Freeport company was trying to establish its claim
the the Carstenz mountains alleging to the Dutch that Grasberg only
Before the Rockefellers sent (1961) Michael Rockefeller to this part
of West Papua, at the end of 1960 fellow Freeport director Robert Lovett
purchased an introduction to Joe Kennedy and his son U.S. President elect
John F Kennedy, to whom Lovett suggested people to be appointed to various
positions (Sec. of State, Defence, Tresury, etc.).
On 28 Dec/1960 Kennedy announced that Lovett's friend McGeorge Bundy was to
be the U.S. National Securoty Adviser.
It was McGeorge Bundy who talked the US government into sacrificing the
freedoms and human rights of the people of West Papua with the
New York Agreement.
Like the attempted blackmail in 1959 of a US official,
the New York Agreement and the
1967 Freeport mining license from
General Suharto seem to be the products of corruption.
It seems unlikely President Kennedy would have trusted the advice of
Robert Lovett or McGeorge Bundy if Kennedy had known of Robert Lovett's
Freeport connection to West New Guinea.
Originally Freeport Texas, the company had became
Freeport Sulphur and a bastillion of the elite including the
Whitney family, Godfrey Stillman Rockefeller, Chauncey Stillman,
Jean Mauze (husband of Abby Rockefeller),
Augustus Long (Texaco), and Robert Lovett
(friend of Harriman family since childhood,
president and chair of Union Pacific Railroad,
1947 Lovett Committee organising US intelligence,
US Secretary of Defense 51-53,
adviser to Kennedy);
before merging with McMoran Oil finally becoming Freeport McMoRan.
According to Freeport today one of their employees in August 1959
accidently found the 1936 report which according to Freeport
had been in the Netherlands during the Nazi occupation.
Freeport immediately organised a personal expedition to the
Dutch colony to review the discovery, two years later the company
was still in West New Guinea as reported on page 45 of the
1961 Dutch report to the United Nations
even though the territory was still under Dutch administration.
The Indonesian government has cut Freeport Indonesia's daily permitted
production at Papua's Grasberg gold and copper mine by 80,000 mt/day to
220,000 mt/day in a bid to reduce environmental damage, an energy and mines
ministry official said Thursday.
"Freeport is only allowed to produce 220,000 mt/day, compared with the
previous limit of 300,000 mt/day, to reduce the impact on the environment as
well as resources," the chief of mines inspection at the ministry, Witoro S.
In 2007, the audit team set up by the government had recommended a
reduction in Freeport Indonesia's daily production of ore by 100,000 mt to
between 200,000 mt and 250,000 mt to arrest environmental damage.
The Indonesian government holds a 9.36% stake in Freeport Indonesia.
Other stakeholders are US-based copper and molybdenum producer
Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold (81.28%) and its wholly owned subsidiary
Indocopper Investama (9.36%).
In 1994 ARCO discovered natural gas in the Bintuni Basin of Irian Jaya (West Papua).
By 1998 the 25 wells produced estimates of 24 TCF of gas reserves
now called Tangguh after the Indonesian word for 'resilient'.
Tangguh is now being developed by a consortium including
BP (37%), CNOOC (China 17%), and Mitsubishi (16.3%);
with customers in China, South Korea, Japan, California and Mexico.
Though the primary problem is colonial theft of the Papuan nation's
only fossil fuels for benefit of Jakarta and other foreign powers,
there has been considerable concern that the Tangguh exploitation will
fund further community repression by police or militia forces.
1962 Pro-Indonesia group inside White House
Briefing notes on "pro-Indonesia group at the White House"
The question is, could these three men central in the
US Department of State records
have been subverted by US corporate interests
(such as Mobil & Chevron discovery of Ertsberg,
Rockefeller's Freeport Sulphur 1959 decision to mine Ertsberg,
Bechtel's deigning & building of Freeport mines courtesy
of centralised Javanese military control of West Papua;
courtesy of Ford Foundation plans since 1949 for centralised Javanese military)
to recruit US government support of covert corporate goals
at the expense of US and global interests?
Specifically were these men helping Bechtel and Rockefeller's Freeport Sulphur
companies to gain Indonesian military colonial access to West Papua's gold and copper?
- and why was the CIA Director unable or unwilling to inform Kennedy about
the world's richest gold and copper deposits being in West Papua?
- today how could we know how-much gold Freeport McMoRan has really
extracted from West Papua?
or what covert uses a such gold could have been used for?
Kennedy's National Security Adviser, McGeorge Bundy
The Bundy brothers were born to rule" -
The Color of Truth: McGeorge Bundy and William Bundy, Brothers in Arms
published 1998 by Simon & Schuster ISBN 0-684-80970-2
From a prominent wealthy family born in 1919,
his father became Assistant Secretary of State 1931-33,
he was Republican;
a member of the Order of Skull and Bones secret society
(Russell Trust Association with over $3m of its own in 2004) at Yale University;
after WW-II service co-authored "On Active Service in Peace and War";
1948 joined Council on Foreign Relations work on the Marshall Plan;
1950 joined Woodrow Wilson Foundation study how federal government should
interplay domestic & international affairs;
1953 appointed Dean Arts & Sciences Harvard University;
Dec. 1960 selected by Kennedy for national security advisor, factotum of the
National Security Council coordinating foreign, domestic & military policies
(presiding over Council of State, Defence and CIA officials)).
His brother, William Bundy had married daughter of former Democratic
Secretary of State, and was formerly depty to Allen Dulles (CIA Director).
McGeorge Bundy became head of Ford Foundation from 1966 until 1979
- not least of which was Bundy and Dulles likely briefing on
"covert side to the Marshall Plan", which in combination with David Ransom's
1974 chapter "Ford Country: Building an Elite for Indonesia" highlights their
potential to enable a covert plan to create a Colonial Indonesian military
State to harvest mineral resources of South East Asia for
select US corporations using the Marshal Plan as cover.
Robert Komer in March 1966 declared that he was "no expert in Southeast Asia"
yet in 1962 the State Department records
"Komer, who had became so pro-Indonesia as to become the butt of jokes
among the White House staff about being Sukarno's personal representative".
If Kennedy had known about the US corporate discovery of West Papua's
Gold and Copper kept secret since 1936; he would have known to ask Komer
which Americans were requesting support of Indonesia's colonization of
Dutch New Guinea / West Papua.
Robert William Komer was born in Chicago, grew up in St. Louis and graduated
from Harvard University, where he also received a master's degree in
During World War II, he served as a first lieutenant in Army intelligence in
Europe and was awarded the Bronze Star.
He joined the fledgling CIA in 1947 and was later assigned to the National Security Council.
His abilities impressed top officials in the Johnson White House,
who began using him as an all-around trouble-shooter.
An Army and CIA veteran who was one of the principal U.S. officials sent to
Saigon in the 1960s to try to make a success of the nation's commitment to
the war in Vietnam,
died yesterday (April 9, 2000) at Arlington Hospital after a stroke.
He lived in Arlington.
Mr. Komer--known as "Blowtorch Bob"--was sent to
Saigon in 1967 by President Lyndon B. Johnson to run the pacification program,
described as the battle for the hearts and minds of the Vietnamese people.
"I can't blame Dutch for doubting that Indos have any intention of allowing
genuine plebiscite five years or so from now. But the important thing is that
some such Indo promise is the essential face-saving device Dutch have been seeking.
We must get them to take it asbest they can expect.
- Feb/1962 Robert Komer
(February 2,1962, in USForeign Relations 1961-1963, ed, Ed. Keefer,
vol.XXIII, Southeast Asia
(Washington, DC:Dept. of State Printing Office, 1994),p. 512.)
1916 Born, New York, New York
1936 B.A., Yale University
1936-38 Rhodes Scholar, Balliol College, Oxford University
1940 PhD., Yale University
1940-41 Instructor of Economics, Columbia University
1942-45 Major, OSS, U.S. Army
1945-46 Assistant Chief, German-Austrian Economic Division, Department of State
1946-47 Professor of American History, Oxford University
1947-49 Assistant to Executive Secretary, Economic Community for Europe
1949-50 Professor of American History, Cambridge University
1950-60 Professor of Economic History, MIT
1951-60 Staff member, Center for International Studies
1961 Deputy Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs
1961-66 Counselor and Chairman, Policy Planning Council, Department of State
1964-66 U.S. Representative, Inter-American Committee for the Alliance for Progress
1966-69 Special Assistant to the President
1969- Professor of Economic History, University of Texas, Austin
Director of Central Intelligence
Allen W. Dulles February 26, 1953-November 29, 1961
John McCone November 29, 1961-April 28, 1965
1962 Pro-Indonesia group outside White House
Notes concerning some pro-Indonesian interests outside Whitehouse
- John Rockefeller II:
As an executive of Standard Oil interests, would have been well aware of
Ertsberg in 1936 a few years before Pearl Harbor and Japan's displacement
of Dutch oil companies from the East Indies.
When the New York Times in March 1959 revealed the Dutch colony were now
searching for the mountain river source of gold along West New Guinea's
he would have required a supposedly third party company to claim the mineral
deposit before the Dutch found it.
With a relative small share holding and a son-in-law on the Freeport Sulphur
board, Rockefeller could get this company to act quickly without involving
the Rockefeller name after which there would be a window of a few years
during which to buy a majority shareholding of Freeport Sulphur before it
announced the nature or extent of the deposits.
Unfortunately for the family young Michael Rockefeller found reports of the
region's native cultures and people of personal interest;
his accidential boating death brought international attention to
West New Guinea's central southern coast.
Then before Freeport began talks for a Indonesian license to mine
West Papua's vast mineral wealth, John Rockefeller died.
- Freeport Sulphur:
Freeport may have be unaware of Jean Dozy's full report from 1936,
but its own Wilson expedition by July 1960 had confirmed West New Guinea's
gold, silver, copper, and iron.
Freeport's only hope to mine West New Guinea lay with Indonesia succeeding
with its colonial claim to the territory.
During 1962 former Secretary of the Treasury George Humphrey was sent to
Indonesia to survey US corporate interests while still emboiled in a
nickel stockpiling scandle; government contracts for nickel above market
pricing had been awarded to M.A. Hanna Company (125 million pounds for $108m),
and Freeport Sulphur (271 million pounds for $200m); which neither Eisenhower
nor Kennedy could break.
Although Mr Hills president of Freeport Sulphur in June 1962 stated
"no nickel and very little cobalt was sold to the government under the
contract", the company's preference for West New Guinea to become an
Indonesian possession could have recieved undue favor.
(See bottom of page 45 and top of page 46 of the
1961 Netherlands Report to the United Nations
regarding the Freeport exploration license and onging Mines Office
search for the gold deposit)
was a self-proclaimed nationalist who during the 1930s speculated that by
working with a Japanese war against the US and other
"Imperial Western powers of the Pacific" that he could gain control of the
East Indies in Asia.
From 1945 he demanded world recognition of his claim to the territories from
Sumatra in Asia to West New Guinea in the Pacific;
agreeing in 1949 to be one of the sixteen island members of the
"United States of Indonesia" created by the Unted Nations, he instead spent
1950 crushing the United States of Indonesia government and proclaiming
himself sovereign of the sixteen island nations as part of his Republic.
From 1950 to 1962 Indonesian attempted insurgency and finally military
attacks against West New Guinea failed,
primalry due to West Papuan people reporting the intrusions to Papuan authorities
and sometimes due to civilian success at disarming the Indonesian troops.
Although Indonesia's success came inside the U.S. White House,
Sukarno's threats since 1950 to nationalize Dutch and other foreign properties
unless he obtained West New Guinea had little success during the first
Newer threats to adopt communism seem almost comedic when one weighs the
entrepreneur enterprises of all of his Generals and that his military
even today relies principly on its private enterprise income.
- General Suharto:
- Ford Foundation:
Thanks to the efforts of
David Ransom to access Ford Foundation records
we know the Foundation had actively began training members of the Javanese
elite at American Universities immediately after the war and that in 1949
Soedjatmoko and Sumitro told US businessmen in New York and Washington that
if the East Indies were under Javanese administration that America and the
Marshal Plan could expect "easy access" to the wealth of Asia.
The world's largest engineering corporation, with a unhealthy relationship
with several CIA Diretors, it services he needs of many US oil and mining
companies as well as foreign customers, and is today head of the
"US Indonesia Society" lobby group.
"Man's inhumanity to man is not only perpetrated by the
vitriolic actions of those who are bad,
it is also perpetrated by
vitiating inaction of those who are good"
- Martin Luther King.