West Papua Information Kit

Freeport Sulphur

Freeport has been a bastillion of America's powerful & elite including the Whitney family, Rockefellers, Augustus Long (Texaco), and the Cold War architect Robert Lovett.

In 1957 Freeport Sulphur sign a lucrative nickel contract with the US government, but was caught in 1959 employing an ex-FBI agent to spy on the US official responsible for re-negotiating the nickle contract. In March 1959 the Rockefellers whose Standard Oil interests had known about West Papua's gold and copper since 1936, read in the New York Times that the Papuan Mines Office was now searching for which mountain gold was flowing into the Arafura Sea from. By August 1959 the Freeport company was trying to establish its claim the the Carstenz mountains alleging to the Dutch that Grasberg only held copper.

Before the Rockefellers sent (1961) Michael Rockefeller to this part of West Papua, at the end of 1960 fellow Freeport director Robert Lovett purchased an introduction to Joe Kennedy and his son U.S. President elect John F Kennedy, to whom Lovett suggested people to be appointed to various positions (Sec. of State, Defence, Tresury, etc.). On 28 Dec/1960 Kennedy announced that Lovett's friend McGeorge Bundy was to be the U.S. National Securoty Adviser. It was McGeorge Bundy who talked the US government into sacrificing the freedoms and human rights of the people of West Papua with the New York Agreement.

Like the attempted blackmail in 1959 of a US official, the New York Agreement and the 1967 Freeport mining license from General Suharto seem to be the products of corruption. It seems unlikely President Kennedy would have trusted the advice of Robert Lovett or McGeorge Bundy if Kennedy had known of Robert Lovett's Freeport connection to West New Guinea.

Freeport corporation

Originally Freeport Texas, the company had became Freeport Sulphur and a bastillion of the elite including the Whitney family, Godfrey Stillman Rockefeller, Chauncey Stillman, Jean Mauze (husband of Abby Rockefeller), Augustus Long (Texaco), and Robert Lovett (friend of Harriman family since childhood, president and chair of Union Pacific Railroad, 1947 Lovett Committee organising US intelligence, US Secretary of Defense 51-53, adviser to Kennedy); before merging with McMoran Oil finally becoming Freeport McMoRan.

According to Freeport today one of their employees in August 1959 accidently found the 1936 report which according to Freeport had been in the Netherlands during the Nazi occupation. Freeport immediately organised a personal expedition to the Dutch colony to review the discovery, two years later the company was still in West New Guinea as reported on page 45 of the 1961 Dutch report to the United Nations even though the territory was still under Dutch administration.

Jakarta (Platts)--17Apr2008
The Indonesian government has cut Freeport Indonesia's daily permitted production at Papua's Grasberg gold and copper mine by 80,000 mt/day to 220,000 mt/day in a bid to reduce environmental damage, an energy and mines ministry official said Thursday.
"Freeport is only allowed to produce 220,000 mt/day, compared with the previous limit of 300,000 mt/day, to reduce the impact on the environment as well as resources," the chief of mines inspection at the ministry, Witoro S. Soelarno, said.
In 2007, the audit team set up by the government had recommended a reduction in Freeport Indonesia's daily production of ore by 100,000 mt to between 200,000 mt and 250,000 mt to arrest environmental damage.
The Indonesian government holds a 9.36% stake in Freeport Indonesia. Other stakeholders are US-based copper and molybdenum producer Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold (81.28%) and its wholly owned subsidiary Indocopper Investama (9.36%).


In 1994 ARCO discovered natural gas in the Bintuni Basin of Irian Jaya (West Papua). By 1998 the 25 wells produced estimates of 24 TCF of gas reserves now called Tangguh after the Indonesian word for 'resilient'. Tangguh is now being developed by a consortium including BP (37%), CNOOC (China 17%), and Mitsubishi (16.3%); with customers in China, South Korea, Japan, California and Mexico.

Though the primary problem is colonial theft of the Papuan nation's only fossil fuels for benefit of Jakarta and other foreign powers, there has been considerable concern that the Tangguh exploitation will fund further community repression by police or militia forces.

Friends of Freeport

1962 Pro-Indonesia group inside White House

Briefing notes on "pro-Indonesia group at the White House"

The question is, could these three men central in the US Department of State records have been subverted by US corporate interests (such as Mobil & Chevron discovery of Ertsberg, Rockefeller's Freeport Sulphur 1959 decision to mine Ertsberg, Bechtel's deigning & building of Freeport mines courtesy of centralised Javanese military control of West Papua; courtesy of Ford Foundation plans since 1949 for centralised Javanese military) to recruit US government support of covert corporate goals at the expense of US and global interests? Specifically were these men helping Bechtel and Rockefeller's Freeport Sulphur companies to gain Indonesian military colonial access to West Papua's gold and copper? - and why was the CIA Director unable or unwilling to inform Kennedy about the world's richest gold and copper deposits being in West Papua?
  - today how could we know how-much gold Freeport McMoRan has really extracted from West Papua? or what covert uses a such gold could have been used for?

Kennedy's National Security Adviser, McGeorge Bundy
  " The Bundy brothers were born to rule" - The Color of Truth: McGeorge Bundy and William Bundy, Brothers in Arms published 1998 by Simon & Schuster ISBN 0-684-80970-2

From a prominent wealthy family born in 1919, his father became Assistant Secretary of State 1931-33, he was Republican; a member of the Order of Skull and Bones secret society (Russell Trust Association with over $3m of its own in 2004) at Yale University; after WW-II service co-authored "On Active Service in Peace and War"; 1948 joined Council on Foreign Relations work on the Marshall Plan; 1950 joined Woodrow Wilson Foundation study how federal government should interplay domestic & international affairs; 1953 appointed Dean Arts & Sciences Harvard University; Dec. 1960 selected by Kennedy for national security advisor, factotum of the National Security Council coordinating foreign, domestic & military policies (presiding over Council of State, Defence and CIA officials)). His brother, William Bundy had married daughter of former Democratic Secretary of State, and was formerly depty to Allen Dulles (CIA Director). McGeorge Bundy became head of Ford Foundation from 1966 until 1979
  see: http://www.questionsquestions.net/feldman/ff_divest.html
  - not least of which was Bundy and Dulles likely briefing on "covert side to the Marshall Plan", which in combination with David Ransom's 1974 chapter "Ford Country: Building an Elite for Indonesia" highlights their potential to enable a covert plan to create a Colonial Indonesian military State to harvest mineral resources of South East Asia for select US corporations using the Marshal Plan as cover.
Robert Komer in March 1966 declared that he was "no expert in Southeast Asia" (*); yet in 1962 the State Department records "Komer, who had became so pro-Indonesia as to become the butt of jokes among the White House staff about being Sukarno's personal representative". If Kennedy had known about the US corporate discovery of West Papua's Gold and Copper kept secret since 1936; he would have known to ask Komer which Americans were requesting support of Indonesia's colonization of Dutch New Guinea / West Papua.
  Robert William Komer was born in Chicago, grew up in St. Louis and graduated from Harvard University, where he also received a master's degree in business administration. During World War II, he served as a first lieutenant in Army intelligence in Europe and was awarded the Bronze Star. He joined the fledgling CIA in 1947 and was later assigned to the National Security Council. His abilities impressed top officials in the Johnson White House, who began using him as an all-around trouble-shooter. An Army and CIA veteran who was one of the principal U.S. officials sent to Saigon in the 1960s to try to make a success of the nation's commitment to the war in Vietnam, died yesterday (April 9, 2000) at Arlington Hospital after a stroke. He lived in Arlington. Mr. Komer--known as "Blowtorch Bob"--was sent to Saigon in 1967 by President Lyndon B. Johnson to run the pacification program, described as the battle for the hearts and minds of the Vietnamese people.
  "I can't blame Dutch for doubting that Indos have any intention of allowing genuine plebiscite five years or so from now. But the important thing is that some such Indo promise is the essential face-saving device Dutch have been seeking. We must get them to take it asbest they can expect.
- Feb/1962 Robert Komer (February 2,1962, in USForeign Relations 1961-1963, ed, Ed. Keefer, vol.XXIII, Southeast Asia (Washington, DC:Dept. of State Printing Office, 1994),p. 512.)
Walt Rostow
  1916 Born, New York, New York
  1936 B.A., Yale University
  1936-38 Rhodes Scholar, Balliol College, Oxford University
  1940 PhD., Yale University
  1940-41 Instructor of Economics, Columbia University
  1942-45 Major, OSS, U.S. Army
  1945-46 Assistant Chief, German-Austrian Economic Division, Department of State
  1946-47 Professor of American History, Oxford University
  1947-49 Assistant to Executive Secretary, Economic Community for Europe
  1949-50 Professor of American History, Cambridge University
  1950-60 Professor of Economic History, MIT
  1951-60 Staff member, Center for International Studies
  1961 Deputy Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs
  1961-66 Counselor and Chairman, Policy Planning Council, Department of State
  1964-66 U.S. Representative, Inter-American Committee for the Alliance for Progress
  1966-69 Special Assistant to the President
  1969- Professor of Economic History, University of Texas, Austin
  2003 Died

Director of Central Intelligence
  Allen W. Dulles February 26, 1953-November 29, 1961
  John McCone November 29, 1961-April 28, 1965

1962 Pro-Indonesia group outside White House

Notes concerning some pro-Indonesian interests outside Whitehouse
  • John Rockefeller II:
    As an executive of Standard Oil interests, would have been well aware of Ertsberg in 1936 a few years before Pearl Harbor and Japan's displacement of Dutch oil companies from the East Indies. When the New York Times in March 1959 revealed the Dutch colony were now searching for the mountain river source of gold along West New Guinea's southern coast; he would have required a supposedly third party company to claim the mineral deposit before the Dutch found it. With a relative small share holding and a son-in-law on the Freeport Sulphur board, Rockefeller could get this company to act quickly without involving the Rockefeller name after which there would be a window of a few years during which to buy a majority shareholding of Freeport Sulphur before it announced the nature or extent of the deposits.
      Unfortunately for the family young Michael Rockefeller found reports of the region's native cultures and people of personal interest; his accidential boating death brought international attention to West New Guinea's central southern coast. Then before Freeport began talks for a Indonesian license to mine West Papua's vast mineral wealth, John Rockefeller died.
  • Freeport Sulphur:
    Freeport may have be unaware of Jean Dozy's full report from 1936, but its own Wilson expedition by July 1960 had confirmed West New Guinea's gold, silver, copper, and iron. Freeport's only hope to mine West New Guinea lay with Indonesia succeeding with its colonial claim to the territory.
      During 1962 former Secretary of the Treasury George Humphrey was sent to Indonesia to survey US corporate interests while still emboiled in a nickel stockpiling scandle; government contracts for nickel above market pricing had been awarded to M.A. Hanna Company (125 million pounds for $108m), and Freeport Sulphur (271 million pounds for $200m); which neither Eisenhower nor Kennedy could break. Although Mr Hills president of Freeport Sulphur in June 1962 stated "no nickel and very little cobalt was sold to the government under the contract", the company's preference for West New Guinea to become an Indonesian possession could have recieved undue favor.
    (See bottom of page 45 and top of page 46 of the 1961 Netherlands Report to the United Nations regarding the Freeport exploration license and onging Mines Office search for the gold deposit)
  • Sukarno:
    was a self-proclaimed nationalist who during the 1930s speculated that by working with a Japanese war against the US and other "Imperial Western powers of the Pacific" that he could gain control of the East Indies in Asia. From 1945 he demanded world recognition of his claim to the territories from Sumatra in Asia to West New Guinea in the Pacific; agreeing in 1949 to be one of the sixteen island members of the "United States of Indonesia" created by the Unted Nations, he instead spent 1950 crushing the United States of Indonesia government and proclaiming himself sovereign of the sixteen island nations as part of his Republic.
      From 1950 to 1962 Indonesian attempted insurgency and finally military attacks against West New Guinea failed, primalry due to West Papuan people reporting the intrusions to Papuan authorities and sometimes due to civilian success at disarming the Indonesian troops.
      Although Indonesia's success came inside the U.S. White House, Sukarno's threats since 1950 to nationalize Dutch and other foreign properties unless he obtained West New Guinea had little success during the first eleven years. Newer threats to adopt communism seem almost comedic when one weighs the entrepreneur enterprises of all of his Generals and that his military even today relies principly on its private enterprise income.
  • General Suharto:
  • Ford Foundation:
    Thanks to the efforts of David Ransom to access Ford Foundation records we know the Foundation had actively began training members of the Javanese elite at American Universities immediately after the war and that in 1949 Soedjatmoko and Sumitro told US businessmen in New York and Washington that if the East Indies were under Javanese administration that America and the Marshal Plan could expect "easy access" to the wealth of Asia.
  • Bechtel:
    The world's largest engineering corporation, with a unhealthy relationship with several CIA Diretors, it services he needs of many US oil and mining companies as well as foreign customers, and is today head of the "US Indonesia Society" lobby group.

"Man's inhumanity to man is not only perpetrated by the vitriolic actions of those who are bad,
it is also perpetrated by vitiating inaction of those who are good
- Martin Luther King.