West Papua Information Kit

To promote Freedom, Democracy, and Human Rights
by giving you information with which to end the colonial rape of a beloved nation.

Introduction

New Guinea, or Papua is the world's second largest island, and is the northern most part of the Australia continent just south and east of where the tectonic plate meets Asia.

In 1859 a British naturalist Alfred Wallace noted there as a transitional zone between the Asian and Australian ecozones, an area now called the Wallace Line. East of the line in New Guinea and Australia are found the Australian organisms and species, including tree kangaroos, echidna, cassowaries, and the like while to the west of the Wallace Line are mostly Asian species.

Man arrived in Papua and the Australian continent some 60,000 years or more ago. A few hundred years ago when Europeans saw the people of Papua and Australia, they called our indigenous ancestors Melanesians, a Pacific people of dark complexion unlike the Polynesian and Asian people. Although Melanesian nations on the Australian mainland were decimated by the arrival of Europeans, the communities in New Guinea survived that arrival and it was not until Japan invaded in 1942 that Papua was oppressed by a foreign power. But West Papua was very different from the eastern half of the island where the Germans, Brithish, and then Commonwealth of Australia had little interaction with the people.

In the 1860s Dutch missionaries arrived and formed good relations with the people of West Papua. By the 1930s West Papua had its own college graduates adapting Dutch sciences and philosophies to their own need, and before Japan invaded there was already debate whether the Papuan communities should unite to form a national identity to declare independence. But in 1935 the Shell company had allowed Standard Oil to buy a 60% holding of the exploration company NNGPM which was to search for mineral wealth, and in 1936 NNGPM concealed from the Dutch their discovery of the world's richest mountain of gold and other ore, Ertsberg.

Finally the Rockellers joined with the bonesman and grandson of the Union Pacific empire Robert Lovett, and their joint interest Freeport in August 1959 began to act out a claim that it had just discovered Ertsberg as a 'possible copper reserve'.

The colony finalised electoral rolls in 1960 and in January 1961 held elections to form a New Guinea Council. But in October 1961 the Council heard news that America wanted Indonesia to rule Papua, so they held an emergency session through the night of 18 October 1961 to begin giving effect to the peole's wish for indepence which the council expressed in this manifesto.

The New York Agreement (1962-now)

Under international law and the 1945 Charter of the United Nations the welfare of West Papua seemed safe but after the unexpected death of UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold, the Netherlands announced that it wanted the United Nations to assume responsibiity for West New Guinea (West Papua) as a trust territory. The effect of UN trusteeship is that instead of only one nation being responsibile under article 73, every UN nation becomes equally responsibile for the independence & welfare of the colony under article 76 of the Charter; but America imposed itself to negotiate the wording of the agreement in which the Netherlands was asking for this to happen. And America was under Indonesian pressure to use the "hand" of the United Nations to get Indonesia into West Papua, so by time the three nations agreed on wording of the agreement there no mention in the agreement that it was an instrument as defined in chapter 12 of the Charter of the United Nations, The International Trusteeship System.

As a result of the wording, for fifty years the people of Papua and the world have been unaware that West Papua has been an United Nations trust territory entitled to protection from foreign abuse such as the actions of the Indonesian troops and the mining companies of America and Britain.

Our governments approved the agreement and so West Papua became a trust territory on 21 September 1962, but while West Papua has suffered the disadvantage of trusteeship troops being sent from Pakistan and then Indonesia by the United Nations. West Papua has not been given the benefits required by articles 76, 85, 87, and 88 of the Charter of the United Nations because none of our UN Secretary Generals have told the Trusteeship Council about our trusteeship decision General Assembly resolution 1752.

This was the American plan for trusteeship before Indonesia made its request, http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1961-63v23/d160

This was the Indonesia request to "use the hand" of the United Nations, http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1961-63v23/d172

And this was the blackmail Indonesia held over the United States of America, http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1961-63v23/d153

In 1962 the United Nations General Assembly including Indonesia in resolution 1752 (XVII) endorsed a US drafted agreement for the United Nations to administrate the colony (non-self-governing territory) of West New Guinea which in 1961 had declared the wish of its people to become the independent nation of West Papua to "live in peace and to contribute to the maintenance of world peace".

But under chapter 11 of the UN charter, members have a sacred trust for the welfare of colonies, and under chapter 12 colonies entrusted to the United Nations trusteeship system remain trust territories until article 78 of the charter is fulfilled. Under articles 87 and 88 of the UN charter the United Nations may listen to petitions and must ask questions about the administration of the trust territories.

The last known United Nations statement about West Papua said "The United Nations Temporary Authority in West Irian (UNTEA) was formed to administer West Irian, which is located on the island of New Guinea. In 1963 Dutch New Guinea became Irian Barat, which in 1973 changed its name to Irian Jaya and is currently administered by Indonesia."

Since West Papua became a UN Trust territory in 1962, that status has NOT been changed under article 78, nor has the UN General Assembly yet granted itself authority to exclude West Papua from the normal requirements of the UN charter.

Please call on the United Nations to respect the rule of law,
free the UN colony.
Papua Merdeka

Contents

Special Autonomy Who Where Why
Military Invasion
Myths & Fact

 
White house
USA 1961
Chronolgy
& nbsp;
Colonization
United Nations
Resolution 1514
United Nations
Resolution 1541
New York
Agreement
Act of No Choice
US Embassy
1960s notes
Section 1115
rejected 2005
Genocide Other reports
New York Times
1950 - 2005
Sydney Morning Herald 1961 - 1962 New Zealand papers 1969 other publications
Video reports Graphics Whose Who Contacts
 
WP Rallies Political Prisoners Refugees HIV/AIDS
TNI
Indonesian Military

 
Denial of Free Speech Quotes
JFK and others
Freeport & Tangguh
US Petition
 
UN Petition What to ask my
government
West Papua in English refers to the western half of Papua, but in an apparant attempt to both divide the Papuan people and to confuse the outside world with the names, Indonesia in 2007 imposed political divisions it calls the Province of West Papua (Papua Barat), and the Province of Papua.

WPIK recommends these websites,
Anti-Slavery Slavery Today West Papua News
and Information
West Papua
Media Alerts
Free West Papua West Papua Action Network ETAN International Parliamentarians for West Papua

WPIK commends the production of these YouTube videos,
West Papua - Telek Torture - Tunaliwor Kiwo Papua, Indonesia's silent war Journalist Killed in West Papua
Shooting at peace rally Police action elsewhere US support of Indonesia and funding of KOPASSUS AlJazeera on death in Papua
American teachers killed and Indonesian cover-up documentary
pt 1
documentary
pt 2
documentary
pt 3
US aid to Indonesian military Papuan concern about US funding International Lawyers for West Papua Demand release of political prisoners
Rally, may 2011 Rally, june 2010 Fighting for West Papua