New Guinea, or Papua is the world's largest tropical island,
It is the northern most part of the Australia continent.
For tens of thousands of years the Melanesian people of
Papua had lived in freedom until Japan invaded in 1942
and the United Nations invaded in 1962,
the hundreds of Papuan clans or tribes had lived in freedom
exercising their rights to farm, hunt, trade, fish, to live.
In the 1860s the Dutch had visted and began to map the coastline,
and other world powers in 1895 accepted a Dutch claim that it held
soverengty of West Papua as a colony.
But in 1935 the Shell company allowed Standard Oil to buy a 60%
holding of the exploration company NNGPM which was to search for
mineral wealth, and in 1936 NNGPM concealed from the Dutch their
discovery of the world's richest mountain of gold and other ore,
Finally the Rockellers joined with the
and grandson of the Union Pacific empire
and their joint interest
in August 1959 began to act out a claim that it had just
discovered Ertsberg as a 'possible copper reserve'.
The colony finalised electoral rolls in 1960 and in January 1961
held elections to form a New Guinea Council.
But in October 1961 the Council heard news that America wanted
Indonesia to rule Papua, so they held an emergency session
through the night of 18 October 1961 to begin giving effect
to the peole's wish for indepence which the council expressed
The New York Agreement (1962-now)
In 1962 the United Nations General Assembly including Indonesia in
for the United Nations to
administrate the colony (non-self-governing territory) of West New Guinea
which in 1961 had declared the wish of its people to become the independent
nation of West Papua to
"live in peace and to contribute to the maintenance of world peace".
chapter 11 of the UN charter,
members have a sacred trust for the welfare of colonies, and under
colonies entrusted to the United Nations trusteeship system remain trust
territories until article 78 of the charter is fulfilled. Under
articles 87 and 88 of the UN charter the United Nations may listen to
petitions and must ask questions about the administration of the
The last known United Nations statement about West Papua said
Nations Temporary Authority in West Irian (UNTEA) was formed to administer
West Irian, which is located on the island of New Guinea. In 1963 Dutch New
Guinea became Irian Barat, which in 1973 changed its name to Irian Jaya and
is currently administered by Indonesia."
Please call on the United Nations to respect the rule of law,
Since West Papua became a UN Trust territory in 1962, that status has NOT been
nor has the UN General Assembly yet granted itself authority to exclude
West Papua from the normal requirements of the UN charter.
free the UN colony.
West Papua in English refers to the western half of Papua,
but in an apparant attempt to both divide the Papuan
people and to confuse the outside world with the names,
Indonesia in 2007 imposed political divisions it calls
the Province of West Papua (Papua Barat),
and the Province of Papua.
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