New Guinea, or Papua is the world's second largest island,
just east of Asia on the Australian tectonic plate.
People arrived forty to sixty thousand years ago developing sophisticated
farming, trade, and social systems that resisted later attempted incursions
In the 1860s Dutch missionaries arrived displaying behaviour which the Papuan
people approved of, and by the 1930s the missionaries had established
colleges from where graduates in the sciences and philosophy began debating
whether the Papuan people should unite and form a national identity and
government to defend their hundreds of cultures from foreign powers which were
less civilised than the Dutch.
Between 1936 and 1962 there were several American schemes which finally
provided the Freeport corporation with its first cheap 30 year mining license
in 1967 for West Papua's gold and other wealth.
The circumstance suggest John Rockefeller and Robert Lovett were the
people responsible for US government and United Nations Secretary General
U Thant's corrupt actions which in September 1962 began the denial of human
rights in West Papua which is still killing people to this day.
Over the years these schemes created a complex web, these and US Dept. of State
records will shortly be outlined on this separate web page.
West Papua held national elections in January 1961 to form a
New Guinea Council which acted as a Upper House in the Dutch
adminstration of their territory, and was also tasked with drafting legislation
for Papuan control of their resources.
The Dutch confidentially told America that West Papua was considered to be
safe from Indonesia's military unless Indonesia became capable of landing 1500
or more men on the island.
The Dutch then prepared a motion for the 1961 United Nations General Assembly
which could have cause the United Nations to become responsible for protecting
West Papua under chapter 12 of the UN Charter, but the UN Secretary General
Dag Hammarskjold was killed in an airplane incident on 18 Sept, and the
Dutch proposal at the General Assembly failed on 26 Sept 1961.
The New Guinea Council then responded to events by writing
this manifesto for a
free and independent West Papua.
Between December 1961 and January 1962 Indonesia landed and flew 1500 men
to West New Guinea.
The Indonesian troops were without logistical support and they were quickly
arrested by Papuans who gave their prisoners to the Dutch for deportation
back to Indonesia, but the opperation caused fear within the Dutch government.
And the United States then said it would support a Dutch motion at the
United Nations for trusteeship if the written agreement was a joint text by
the Netherlands and Indonesia.
Under American influence the new Dutch agreement included several Indonesian
promises that it would be a good and honest administrator of the colony if the
United Nations decided to use a discretion of asking Indonesia to provide the
administration which the United Nations would be required to provide under
article 76 of the Charter if the General Assembly gave its approval of the
agreement; an approval which the General Assembly can give if it uses
article 85 part 1 of the Charter of the United Nations.
The issue of Trusteeship is defined in the Charter of the United Nations,
Chapter 12: The International Trusteeship System.
As a result of the wording which America and Indonesia got the Netherlands
to agree to, for fifty years the people of Papua and the world have been
unaware that West Papua has been an United Nations trust territory entitled
to protection from foreign abuse such as the actions of the Indonesian troops
and the mining companies of America and Britain.
Our governments approved the agreement and so West Papua became a
trust territory on 21 September 1962, but while West Papua has
suffered the disadvantage of trusteeship troops being sent from
Pakistan and then Indonesia by the United Nations.
West Papua has not been given the benefits required by
articles 76, 85, 87, and 88 of the Charter of the United Nations
because none of our UN Secretary Generals have
told the Trusteeship Council about our trusteeship decision
General Assembly resolution 1752.
This was the American plan for trusteeship before Indonesia made its
This was the Indonesia request to "use the hand" of the United Nations,
And this was the blackmail Indonesia held over the United States of America,
In 1962 the United Nations General Assembly including Indonesia in
for the United Nations to
administrate the colony (non-self-governing territory) of West New Guinea
which in 1961 had declared the wish of its people to become the independent
nation of West Papua to
"live in peace and to contribute to the maintenance of world peace".
chapter 11 of the UN charter,
members have a sacred trust for the welfare of colonies, and under
colonies entrusted to the United Nations trusteeship system remain trust
territories until article 78 of the charter is fulfilled. Under
articles 87 and 88 of the UN charter the United Nations may listen to
petitions and must ask questions about the administration of the
The last known United Nations statement about West Papua said
Nations Temporary Authority in West Irian (UNTEA) was formed to administer
West Irian, which is located on the island of New Guinea. In 1963 Dutch New
Guinea became Irian Barat, which in 1973 changed its name to Irian Jaya and
is currently administered by Indonesia."
Please call on the United Nations to respect the rule of law,
Since West Papua became a UN Trust territory in 1962, that status has NOT been
nor has the UN General Assembly yet granted itself authority to exclude
West Papua from the normal requirements of the UN charter.
free the UN colony.